Ayodhya case final verdict – The Ayodhya dispute, which started several decades ago, has settled today.
Ayodhya Case final verdict: Finally, the decision has been taken on the Ayodhya case. The Supreme Court has said that temple is to be constructed at the disputed site and an alternative land of 5 acres in Ayodhya is to be given to Muslims for building a mosque.
Ayodhya case final verdict
Construction of both the temple and the mosque will be done under the supervision of the Central Government and Uttar Pradesh state government. Both parties should feel good as it is a balanced judgment based on facts & legality of ownership. Faith & popular beliefs have found no place in the process of decision making by the honorable court.
The hearing was completed a long time back and the final verdict in the case was announced today, 9th November 2019 at 10:30 AM by the Chief Justice of India. The decision was taken by a bench of five judges.
According to the Hindus, the disputed land of Ayodhya is the birthplace of Lord Rama. It had been repeatedly said by some Hindu organizations that there was a temple of Lord Rama, which was later demolished and a mosque was built on its place. Here is what you need to know about the whole Ayodhya case.
- In the Hindu mythological epics, Ramayana and Ramcharit Manas, it is written that Lord Rama was born in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh.
- It has also been written that Ram Mandir was built at his birthplace. But Mughal invader Babar destroyed the temple and built a mosque there.
- This dispute started with the construction of the mosque.
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Ayodhya case final verdict – Ayodhya land dispute – when it started and what happened till now
- The controversy began in the year 1853. After the construction of the mosque, the Hindus alleged that the place where the mosque was built was earlier the temple of Lord Rama, which was demolished and the mosque was constructed.
- In the year 1885, this case reached the court for the first time. Mahant Raghubar Das filed an appeal in the Faizabad court for permission to build a Ram temple adjacent to the Babri Masjid.
- In 1859, the English government erected a wire fence to allow separate prayers to Muslims and Hindus in the inner and outer premises of the disputed land.
- A statue of Lord Rama was placed on this central site on 23 December 1949. After this, Hindus started worshiping regularly at that place, but Muslims stopped offering Namaz there.
- On 16 January 1950, Gopal Singh Visharad filed an appeal in the Faizabad court seeking special permission to worship Ramlala.
- On December 5, 1950, Mahant Paramahansa Ram Chandra Das filed a lawsuit to continue the Hindu prayers and keep the statue of Lord Rama in the disputed structure. The mosque was named ‘Dhancha’.
- On 17 December 1959, the Nirmohi akhara (Nirmohi Arena) filed a lawsuit to transfer the disputed site. Subsequently, on December 18, 1961, the Sunni Waqf Board of Uttar Pradesh also filed a lawsuit for the ownership of the Babri Masjid and the removal of idols from mosque premises.
- During 1984, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) started a campaign to open the locks of the disputed structure, make Ram Janmasthan independent and also build a huge temple there. A committee was also formed for the purpose.
- On 1 February 1986, Faizabad District Judge allowed Hindus to worship at the disputed site. The locks were reopened, but this angered some of the Muslim organizations and they formed the Babri Masjid Action Committee in protest.
- During 1989, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) started giving formal support to the VHP, thereby giving a new life to the temple movement.
- On July 1, 1989, a fifth lawsuit was filed in the name of Lord Ramlala Virajaman.
- On November 9, 1989, the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s government allowed the foundation stone near the disputed structure.
- After this, on 25 September 1990, BJP President Lal Krishna Advani took a Rath yatra from Somnath in Gujarat to Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, after which communal riots started erupting.
- In 1990, Advani was arrested in Samastipur, Bihar.
Ayodhya dispute final decision
- In October 1991, the Kalyan Singh government in Uttar Pradesh took over 2.77 acres of land near the disputed structure and gave it to RamJanmBhoomi Nyas Trust on lease. The Allahabad High Court, however, ordered not to build any permanent structure there.
- On December 6, 1992, thousands of karsevaks came together to Ayodhya and demolished the disputed structure, which led to communal riots. After this, a temporary Ram temple was built in haste.
- On 16 December 1992, the Liberhan Commission was formed to investigate the responsible conditions for the dismantling of the disputed structure.
- Then in January 2002, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee started an Ayodhya department in his office, whose job was to resolve the dispute between Hindus and Muslims.
- In April 2002, a three-judge bench began hearing on the ownership of the disputed site in Ayodhya.
- Archaeological Survey of India started excavation in Ayodhya during March-August 2003 under the instructions of the Allahabad High Court. The ASI claimed that there was evidence of the temple remains under the disputed structure, but Muslims had different opinions about it.
- The court then gave a ruling that seven Hindu leaders instigating the demolition of the disputed structure to be called for a hearing.
- In July 2009, the Liberhan commission submitted its report to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh 17 years after the formation. The report was, however, not made public.
- On 28 September 2010, the Supreme Court paved the way for the judgment, dismissing the petition preventing the Allahabad High Court from awarding decision in the disputed case.
- After this, on 30 September 2010, the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court delivered the historic verdict. The Allahabad High Court divided the disputed land into three parts, one part was given to the Ram temple, the other to Sunni Waqf Board and Nirmohi Akhara got the third, but did not take any action against the culprits.
- In July 2016, the oldest litigant in the Babri case, Hashim Ansari passed away.
- On 21 March 2017, the Supreme Court spoke of resolving the dispute by mutual consent.
Ayodhya dispute final decision out
- On 9 November 2017, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath met Shia Waqf Board Chairman Wasim Rizvi. Wasim Rizvi made a big statement after the meeting. Rizvi said that a Ram temple should be built at the disputed site in Ayodhya, the mosque should be built away from there.
- On 16 November 2017, spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar tried to mediate to resolve the matter and met several people related to the dispute.
- This was followed by a hearing in the Supreme Court on 5 December 2017. The court asked for all documents to be completed by 8 February 2018.
- On 8 February 2018, senior advocate Rajiv Dhawan, appearing for the Sunni Waqf Board, appealed the Supreme Court to hold a regular hearing on the case, but the bench rejected his appeal.
- On March 14, 2018, senior advocate Rajiv Dhawan demanded from the court that the decision of the Ismail Farooqi versus the Indian Union of 1994 be sent to the big bench for review.
- On July 20, 2018, the Supreme Court reserved the verdict on Rajiv Dhawan’s appeal.
- On 27 September 2018, the court quashed Ismail Farooqui’s demand and said that the civil litigation in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute in Ayodhya would be decided on the basis of evidence and the earlier decision would be applicable only in the case of land acquisition.
- Subsequently, on October 29, 2018, the Supreme Court stayed the hearing on the Ayodhya dispute until January 2019. A bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Justice KM Joseph made it clear that the Ayodhya case would not be heard immediately.
- On 3 March 2019, the Supreme Court said that this dispute will be resolved through mediation and negotiation.
- On March 8, the Supreme Court formed the arbitration committee to resolve the matter with talks. Justice Kalifullah, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, senior lawyer Mr. Ram Panchu were part of the committee.
- At the same time, a five-member constitution bench, chaired by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, asked the court to be informed about the outcome of the arbitration proceedings by 31st July or 1 August so that he could proceed with the case.
- Arbitration, in this case, could not yield any result till 1 August. Some parties did not agree on arbitration.
- After this, it was decided that from the 6th of August the daily hearing of the Ram Mandir Verdict will be held in the Supreme Court.
- On 3 September 2019, Muslim parties told the Supreme Court that if the title of the disputed land will be granted to them, Hindus could be allowed to worship deity Ram Lalla in the outer courtyard of the demolished mosque.
- The SC curtailed the schedule of arguments over the 2.77 acres disputed Ram Janmabhoomi – Babri Masjid land in Ayodhya by a day and said that they would conclude the result by 17th October 2019.
- The decision in the case was announced today, 9th November 2019. The Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi’s term ends on November 17. His last working day is November 16.
- The final verdict says that the disputed land be given to Hindus for the construction of a temple and a separate plot of 5 acres to be given to Muslims in Ayodhya for the construction of a mosque.
The verdict today has put to rest a subject that has for decades been a religious and political flashpoint.
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