Bal Gangadhar Tilak facts – On the birth anniversary of this great freedom fighter, we’ll share some interesting facts about Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an independence activist, social reformer, journalist, teacher, and lawyer. Born on 23 July 1856 in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, he was best known for his famous saying, ‘Swarajya is my birthright and I shall have it’.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Facts – Common Facts
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born into a middle class-Brahman, well-cultured family.
- He was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement. Bal Gangadhar Tilak joined the INC in 1890 and led to the rise of Indian nationalism.
- In 1916, he founded the All India Home Rule League, along with Annie Basant.
- He was one of the first activists to come up with the idea of ‘Swaraj’ and the first to begin the Swadeshi movement in India. To promote this movement Jamshed Tata also worked with him to establish Bombay Swadeshi Co-op Stores.
- He founded the Deccan Education Society in 1884, to educate people, especially in the English language.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Facts – Interesting Facts
- The Britishers called him ‘The Father of the Indian unrest’. Other names by which he was famous include ‘Father of Swarajya’.
- He was among the first Indian generations to have received education by finishing matriculation in 1872, BA in Maths in 1877 and getting an LL.B degree from Governmental college in 1879.
- He was awarded the honourary title of ‘Lokmanya’.
- It was in 1880 that he started his own newspaper called ‘Kesari’.
- He, along with Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai were refereed to as the ‘Lal-Bal-Pal triumvirate’.
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak opposed and protested at all levels to stop the government from regulating the Age of Consent Act, 1891.
- The government of India in 2007 released a coin to commemorate him on his 150th birth anniversary.
- On January 2, 2015, a film ‘Lokmanya: Ek Yug Purush’, directed by Om Raut was released. This depicted the role of Bal Gangadhar Tilak in the changing political scenario of India.
Here are more Bal Gangadhar Tilak Facts
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak wanted to generate a mass movement to achieve the political aim of having something different from the opinion of moderates. So, in 1907 there was a split in moderates and extremists in the Surat Session. Taking the benefit of the situation, the British sent Bal Gangadhar Tilak to Mandalay jail in Burma in 1908.
- His book “Gita-Rahasya” was written by him during the 6 years of his imprisonment in Burma (now Myanmar).
- Tilak was the first to find the origin of the Vedas. In his book, ‘The Arctic Home in the Vedas’, he stated that Vedas were first composed in the Arctic region. He also believed that Mount Meru, discussed in Mahabharata, was situated in the North Pole.
- In 1893, Tilak encouraged public unity and changed the habit of the celebration of Ganesh Chaturthi from homes to a public festival.
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a great orator who inspired several masses. Sadly, on 1 August 1920, he passed away after being horrified by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. His funeral was attended by over 2 lakh people including Mahatma Gandhi at Chowpatty in Mumbai.
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