Battles fought by India post-Independence you may not even know about

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Battles fought by India after independence – Wars and Battles fought by India We all know our history which tells us that following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company came to an end after which the British crown began to rule over India directly as per the Government of India Act 1858 through the British Raj.

battles fought by India after independence

Since then, India has been a part of several wars and conflicts over the years. While most Indians have a vivid memory of battles fought by India for Independence, today we’ll discuss the battles fought by India after independence (1947 onwards).

Battles fought by India after independence

Starting right from the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947, here are some battles fought by India after independence.

Integration of Junagadh (1947) – Junagarh became a part of the Indian Saurashtra State when Saurashtra became part Bombay. Bombay State was split into linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.

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This princely state was surrounded by India on its land borders, with an outlet onto the Arabian Sea. The unsettled conditions in Junagarh led to the cessation of all its trade with India and the food position became precarious. With this crisis, the Nawab of Junagarh, Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III, felt forced to flee to Karachi with his family and followers.

Operation Polo (1948) – Operation Polo, also known as Indian annexation of Hyderabad was a military operation in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the Nizam ruled princely state and annexed it into the Indian Union. This operation led to massive violence on communal lines after which Jawaharlal Nehru (then Indian prime minister) appointed a commission called the Sunderlal Committee. Its report, which was released in 2013, concluded the total number of deaths in the state somewhere between 30,000 & 40,000 while other observers estimated the number of deaths to be around 200000 or higher.

Integration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli (1954) – The Annexation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli was a conflict passed from Portuguese rule to the Indian Union in 1954. Both Dadra and Nagar Haveli were small overseas territories from 1779 to 1954. After India’s independence, some residents displaced the Portuguese rule, with the help of volunteers. The territories were merged into the Indian Union in 1961.

Congo Crisis (1960-1964) – Indian Troops were part of the International Peace-Keeping Force which eventually settled the Congo Crisis. This crisis was a period of political conflict in the Republic of Congo.

Battles fought by India after independence

Annexation of Goa (1961) – The Annexation of Goa was a process that began with the armed action by the Indian Armed Forces in December 1961. This was a process in which the Republic of India annexed Indian territories of Goa, Daman and Diu. It is now also referred to as the ‘Liberation of Goa’.

Sino-Indian War of 1962 – The Sino-Indian War, also called the Indo-China War or the Sino-Indian Border Conflict was a war between India and China that occurred in 1962. Although a disputed Himalayan border was the main cause of the war, other issues also played a role. When India granted asylum to the Dalai Lama, a series of violent border skirmishes between the two countries began after the 1959 Tibetan uprising. India also initiated a Forward Policy in which it placed outposts along the border.

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Insurgency in Northeast India (1954 onwards) – The Insurgency in Northeast India involves many armed separatist factions operating in India’s northeastern states which are connected to the rest of India via the Siliguri Corridor. While some groups demand complete independence, others want religious law and order. The tensions between the northeastern states and the central government still exist, even amongst their native indigenous people and migrants from other parts of India and illegal immigrants. A number of organizations listed as terrorist groups by India continue to promote insurgency.

Battles fought by India after independence

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 – This war was a height of conflicts. It took place between April – September 1965 between India and Pakistan, following Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar. This operation by Pakistan designated to infiltrate forces into J&K, to precipitate an insurgency against the Indian rule. India retaliated by launching a full-scale military attack on West Pakistan and this war lasted for 17 long days, which led to thousands of causalities.

Naxalite-Maoist insurgency (1967 onwards) – This conflict is still ongoing between Maoist groups and the Indian government. The insurgency for the Naxalite-Maoist began after the 2004 formation of the CPI-Maoists, which is a rebellious group of PWG and the MCC.

Battles fought by India after independenceIndia wars

Nathu La and Cho La clashes (1967) – These were a series of clashes between India and China alongside the border of the Himalayan Kingdom of Sikkim. It started on 11 September 1967 when the PLA launched an attack on the Indian posts at Nathu La and lasted until 15 September 1967. According to sources, the Indian forces achieved a decisive tactical advantage over the Chinese forces and defeated them.

Bangladesh Liberation War (1971) – This was a revolution and armed conflict, sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then a part of East Pakistan (during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide). This war resulted in the independence of People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Battles fought by India after independence

Siachen conflict (1984-2003) – The Siachen conflict, also called the Siachen War was a military conflict over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. This war was between India and Pakistan and was called off after a cease-fire went into effect in 2003. The conflict began in 1984 by India’s successful capture of the Siachen Glacier as part of its Operation Meghdoot. India took control over the region and its tributary glaciers along with the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge, including Sia La, Bilafond La, and Gyong La.

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Insurgency in Punjab (1984-1995) – The Insurgency in Punjab began in the late 1970s and was a threat to the unity and integrity of India due to the militant Sikh nationalism known as the Khalistan movement. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was the leader of this terrorist movement in Punjab in the 1980s. Following this, Operation Blue Star was launched on 1st June 1984 to remove Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and the armed militants from the Golden Temple complex.

Battles fought by India after independence – India Wars

Operation Flowers are Blooming (1986) – The operation flowers are blooming was the name of an operation which was conducted by the Indian Navy to help avert a threatened coup against the government of President France-Albert Rene in the Seychelles in 1986.

Sri Lankan Civil War (1987-1990) – The Indian intervention in the Sri Lankan Civil War was the deployment of the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka. The deployment followed the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord of 1987 between India and Sri Lanka, which was intended to end the Sri Lankan Civil War between militant Sri Lankan Tamil nationalists, the Sri Lankan Military, and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

Operation Cactus (1988) – Operation Cactus, also known as 1988 Maldives coup d’état was an attempt by a group of Maldivians to overthrow the government in the island republic of Maldives. The Indian Special Forces eliminated terrorist leaders of PLOTE after which the terrorist group hijacked a Maldivian freighter named MV Progresslight and set sail towards Sri Lanka. The Indian Navy was then called for help. They intercepted and captured the mercenaries.

Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir (1989 onwards) – The insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir is an uprising revolt against the Indian administration of J&K. There have been numerous casualties to this war and there is still no end.

Battles fought by India after independence

Kargil War (1999) – The Kargil War was an armed conflict between Pakistan and India which took place between May and July 1999 along the LOC. This war is also famous in India with the name of Operation Vijay. The cause of this war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers disguised as Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the LOC. Eventually, facing international diplomatic opposition, the Pakistani forces withdrew from the remaining Indian positions along the LOC.

Operation Ocean Shield (2009-2016) – This was NATO’s contribution to Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa which was an anti-piracy initiative in the Indian Ocean, Guardafui Channel, Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea. NATO’s success in the area was due in part to the co-operation of other foreign countries A lot of these informal connections took place at Shared Awareness and Deconfliction meetings which allowed for shared tactics among a large of international entities, including China, Japan, Russia, India, and South Korea but is definitely not limited to them. Operation Ocean Shield could effectively protect the area.

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