Biodiversity Hotspots in India: Check out these amazing hotspots of biodiversity in India

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Are you looking to know if there are any biodiversity hotspots in India or do you just want to know if you can travel there? Well, here’s all about the Biodiversity Hotspots in India but first, what is a biodiversity hotspot exactly? It is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity which is threatened by human habitation. Yes, it sounds brutal but the role they play in our ecosystem is all that can sustain life on Earth.

biodiversity hotspots in india

Biodiversity Hotspots in India

India also has a range of biological diversity, some of which include the following:

The Western Ghats

Western Ghats

The Western Ghats mountain range which stretches along the west coast of the Indian peninsula has been recognized by UNESCO as one of the global biodiversity hotspots in India. This region is covered in dense rain forests and is home to 77% amphibians and 62% reptiles. It has over 6000 vascular plants with over 450 species of birds, 140 mammals, 260 reptiles and 175 amphibians in the Agasthyamalai Hills, which is south of the Ghats. The best time to visit the Western Ghats is after October when the winter season is in.

Biodiversity hotspots in India

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The Himalayas


The Himalayas are the prime biodiversity hotspot in India. This region is home to some exotic endangered species including the horned rhinoceros and the wild Asian water buffalo. It also preserves a total of 163 endangered species that include 45 mammals, 12 amphibians, 50 birds, 17 reptiles, 3 invertebrate, and over 10000 plant species. After Japan, the species of the relict dragonfly is only to be found in this region. The best time to visit the Himalayas starts from late October up till May.

Biodiversity hotspots in India

The Indo-Burma Region

Indo-Burma Region

The third biodiversity hotspot in India is the Indo-Burma region which spreads over 2 million sq. km. This region has over 1300 species of birds, including some endangered species like the white-eared night-heron, Gray-crowned crocias, and orange necked Partridge. It also has over 13500 plant species. The best time to visit the Indo-Burma region is between November to February.

Biodiversity hotspots in India

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Lastly, the Nicobar Islands in India are part of the Sundaland global biodiversity hotspot. It lies in South-East Asia and includes Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia. These islands include 3500 plant species in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which is also home to 15 reptile species and 4 species of marine turtles. The best time to visit the Sundaland is from the beginning of November to April.

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