Here is the detailed account of all the Lok Sabha election results and Prime Minister elected so far since India’s independence.
After India gained independence in 1947, the Constituent Assembly was set up with the intention to draft the constitution for India by the indirectly elected members of the assembly. It took almost three years (1946-1949) to complete the Constitution for Independent India.
The parliament of India has two houses- the Upper House known as Rajya Sabha and the Lower House, known as the Lok Sabha. The party winning the majority of seats in the Lok Sabha elections forms the government. There is a maximum of five years tenure for the ruling government.
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Lok Sabha election results and Prime Minister elected so far
The first Lok Sabha elections took place in 1952.
- In 1952, it was for the first time ever in the history of Independent India that elections took place in the country for 489 seats, with an eligible voter’s count to approx. 17.3 crore.
- The elections were won by the Indian National Congress (INC) winning a total of 364 seats and Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the first Prime Minister of India.
- The CPI won only 16 seats, the Socialist Party only 12 seats and the Bharatiya Jan Sangh (BJS) now the BJP could score only 3 seats. The second highest seats after INC were won by the Independents.
The second Lok Sabha elections (1957-62):
- The INC or Congress Party won by 371 seats out of a total 494 seats.
- The CPI won only 27 seats, the Praja Socialist Party or PSP only 19 seats and the BJs won a meager 4 seats.
- Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was once again appointed as the PM.
The third Lok Sabha elections (1962-67):
- The INC won for the third time in a row with 361 seats of a total 494 and Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the PM once again. But he passed away in office in 1964 and Gulzari Lal Nanda took over as the interim PM.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri then held the office for about 19 months before he too died in office in 1966. Indira Gandhi (Nehru’s daughter) then took over as the first-ever lady PM in 1966.
The Fourth Lok Sabha elections (1967-70):
- The INC for the fourth time won with 283 out of 520 seats, under the leadership of Indira Gandhi.
- By this time, the eligible voter’s count went up to 25 crores and the count of electing parties also increased.
The Fifth Lok Sabha elections (1971-77):
- Indira Gandhi had broken away with Congress by this time and formed her own party winning 352 seats out of a total 518 seats.
- Indira Gandhi took over as the PM of India for the third time. It is during her tenure as the PM that emergency was imposed in the country in 1975.
The Sixth Lok Sabha elections (1977-79):
- The emergency situation had a great impact on these elections and made Congress lose for the first time.
- The Lok Sabha 1977 elections were won by the Bharatiya Lok Dal aka the Janata party with 295 seats of the 542 while Congress could manage to win only 154 seats.
- The Janata party was formed with the collaboration of seven parties that opposed Indira Gandhi’s autocratic government.
- The seven parties that formed the Janata Party were- the Bharatiya Kranti Dal, the Utkal Congress, Swatantra Party, the Socialist Party, the BLD combined with the Jan Sangh, and the INC (Organization).
- Morarji Desai was made the PM initially but was made to step down from his responsibilities in 1979 after some of the parties broke alliance with the Janata Party. Charan Singh was finally made the PM in 1979.
The Seventh Lok Sabha elections (1980-84):
- The failed attempts of the Janata party and their broken alliances made the Congress (I) win the elections and bounce back with greater power and authority with a whopping 353 of the 529 seats.
- Indira Gandhi was appointed as the PM in 1980.
The Eighth Lok Sabha elections (1984-89):
- In 1984, Indira Gandhi’s assassination and anti-Sikh riots took place.
- Following her assassination, the Congress party gained the sympathy of the masses and Rajiv Gandhi (son of Indira Gandhi) was made the PM.
- The Congress won once again with a handsome 404 of the 514 seats. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won a meager 2 seats in its electoral debut.
The Ninth Lok Sabha elections (1989-91):
- The Ninth Lok Sabha elections were won by the Congress with 197 seats and other parties procured the rest of the seats like Janata Dal got 143 seats and the BJP got 85 seats out of the total 529. It was an impressive gain for the BJP.
- Vishwanath Pratap Singh (VP Singh) was made the Prime Minister but had to step down as Chandra Shekhar, one of his rivals in the Janata Dal broke alliance with the party and formulated his own Samajwadi Janata Party.
- Chandra Shekhar was then made the PM but could only hold office for two years leading to the general elections take place again in two years.
The Tenth Lok Sabha elections (1991-96):
- Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in 1991 and the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid issue also took place during this time.
- Congress once again emerged as the single largest party winning 232 seats whereas the BJP could get only 120 seats out of the total 521 seats.
- P V Narasimha Rao took the Prime Ministerial oath.
The Eleventh Lok Sabha elections (1996-98):
- The BJP finally managed to win the elections with 161 seats, while the Congress managed to score only 140 and the Janata Dal only 46. The rest of the 129 seats were won by the regional parties like the TDP, the DMK, and Shivsena.
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee was made the PM but had to step down due to mutual conflicts and broken alliances within the party.
- H D Devegowda was then appointed as the PM but his tenure lasted for only 18 months.
- I K Gujral was then appointed as the PM but unfortunately, he could not hold the office for long either given the rising conflicts within the Janata Dal.
The Twelfth Lok Sabha elections (1998-99):
- The BJP bounced back with a whopping 182 seats out of 543. Whereas Congress could manage only 141 seats while the other regional parties shared the rest of the 101 seats.
- The BJP formulated the NDA with other regional parties.
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee was appointed as the PM for the second time but couldn’t hold office for long. He was made to resign after 13 months in office after the AIADMK broke out with BJP.
- Some of the historic events like the nuclear tests at Pokhran and the Kargil war took place during this term.
The Thirteenth Lok Sabha elections (1999-2004):
- BJP once again came to power with 182 seats whereas the Congress could manage only 114 seats and the rest of the 158 seats were won by the regional parties.
- The BJP could formulate a comparatively stable NDA now and Atal Bihari Vajpayee took the Prime Ministerial oath for the third time and served the complete five year tenure.
The Fourteenth Lok Sabha elections (2004-09):
- The BJP failed to continue its term and the Congress with 145 seats won over BJP with 138 seats. The regional Parties shared the 159 seats.
- The Congress with support from other parties of India then formulated the United Progressive Alliance (UPA).
- Manmohan Singh was appointed as the PM as Sonia Gandhi’s (Rajiv Gandhi’s wife) foreign origin was being questioned.
The Fifteenth Lok Sabha elections (2009-14):
- By this time, the NDA was being led by L K Advani. The Congress managed to win the 2009 general elections with 206 seats, where the BJP could manage to score only 116 seats and the regional parties shared the rest of the 146 seats.
- Dr. Manmohan Singh was appointed as the Prime Minister of India for the second time.
The Sixteenth Lok Sabha elections (2014-19):
- The BJP took the majority of seats in its stride and won the General Elections 2014 with a handsome 282 seats whereas for Congress it was its worst-ever performance with a meager 44 seats.
- The Congress was also accused of many scams and corruption during this time. Shri Narendra Modi was then appointed as the Prime Minister of India.
The Seventeenth Lok Sabha elections (2019-2023)
- BJP won the General Elections 2019 with 303 seats, further increasing its substantial majority to 353 seats.
- Narendra Modi was appointed as the Prime Minister of India for another tenure of 5 years, from 2019-2024.