We all are aware of ten avatars of Lord Vishnu also called ‘Dashavataram’. Along with Brahma and Shiva, Vishnu is considered to be one of the most important deities of Hinduism. The three gods form the principal trinity of Hinduism. The Hindu scriptures talk about the divine help provided by Lord Vishnu whenever humanity is threatened by chaos or evil, during the various eras by appearing on earth in the following incarnations.
Matsya (The Fish)
- This was the first incarnation of Vishnu where he takes the form Matsya.
- It is said to be the avatar that rescued the first man, as well as other creatures of the earth, from a great flood.
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- Kurma or Koorma is the tortoise incarnation that appeared in the Satya Yuga while the deities and the demons were churning the ocean to obtain the nectar of immortality and treasures dissolved in the ocean of milk.
- Lord Vishnu held the mountain ‘Mandarachala’ on his back as it soon as it started to sink, during the time of the churning of the ocean.
- To support the churning stick on his back, Vishnu took the form of a tortoise. However, the Kurma avatar of Vishnu is usually seen in a mixed human-animal form.
Varaha (The Boar)
- This incarnation as a Boar appeared in the Satya Yuga. He raised the earth from the bottom of the sea after the demon Hiranyaksha dragged it to the bottom.
- It is described as the cosmic ocean in the scriptures. This battle between Varaha and Hiranyaksha lasted for a thousand years, at the end of which Varaha carried the Earth out of the ocean between his tusks and restored it to its place in the universe.
Narasimha (The Man-Lion)
- Narasimha incarnation appeared in Satya Yuga as half-man half-lion. As the legend goes, the demon Hiranyakashipu obtained a boon from Brahma that he could not be killed or harmed by any means.
- After gaining this boon he got arrogant of his powers and began causing trouble both in heaven and on the earth. He didn’t even spare his own son ‘Prahlad’ who was a Vishnu devotee.
- When he tried to kill his own son Lord Vishnu appeared in the form of half-man half-lion, to kill this powerful demon and to establish the win of good over evil one more time on earth.
Vaamana (The Dwarf)
- This incarnation appeared in the Treta Yuga. According to Rig Veda, Vamana (the dwarf) appears when the demon king Bali ruled the universe and the gods lost their power.
- All the gods appealed to Lord Vishnu for protection and he took this avatar for the purpose of restraining Bali.
Parasurama (The Angry Man)
- In this avatar, Vishnu appeared as a priest with an axe in the Treta Yuga.
- He comes to the world to kill Demons and protect humanity.
- He received an axe after undertaking a tough penance to please Shiva, from whom he learned the methods of warfare and other skills to protect mankind.
Lord Rama (The Perfect Man)
- It is the seventh avatar of Vishnu and is one of the major Hindu deities.
- This Avatar is considered one of the supreme avatars of Vishnu according to some cultures. The prince and king of Ajodhya appeared in the Treta Yug.
- Lord Rama defeated Ravana the king of Sri Lanka and killed him for capturing and imprisoning his wife Sita in the Ashoka Garden in Sri Lanka.
Lord Krishna (The Divine Statesman)
- It is the eighth avatar of Vishnu and is one of the most widely revered deities of Hinduism that appeared in the Dwapara Yuga along with his brother Balarama.
- Krishna has been portrayed in a variety of forms because there are so many stories surrounding him. His form of Divine lover is the most common of all of these stories.
- This incarnation of Vishnu came to Earth to delude beings away from the Vedic religion.
- Buddhism is a religion that was spread by Gautam Buddha.
Kalki (The Mighty Warrior)
- It is the last incarnation of Vishnu. Who will come to end the present age of darkness and destruction known as Kali Yuga the time period in which we currently exist.
- It was believed that he will come to rid the world of oppression by unrighteous rulers.
- It is said that he will appear riding a white horse and carrying a fiery sword and re-establish the superiority of Virtuosity and religiousness.
- Vishnu will appear as a priest had appeared with the axe, in the Treta Yuga.