Facts about Amar Jawan Jyoti – The Amar Jawan Jyoti which serves as India’s Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers is an Indian memorial that was constructed after the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War in December 1971. The memorial was constructed to pay tributes to the martyred and unknown soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces who died during the war.
Here are some facts about Amar Jawan Jyoti
- The Amar Jawan Jyoti is an Indian memorial that was built to pay tribute to the Indian soldiers who lost their lives fighting for their nation.
- The memorial is located under India Gate at Rajpath in New Delhi. The India Gate was constructed in 1921 by Edwin Lutyens and on 26 January 1971, the Amar Jawan Jyoti was added under the India Gate.
- Since 1971, the Amar Jawan Jyoti has continuously been kept burning. Its burning flame is considered immortal.
- It has a base of 4.5 meters square and 1.29 meters in height.
- The Amar Jawan Jyoti was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1972. She paid respect to the soldiers on India’s 23rd Republic Day. Since then, it became a tradition for the Prime Minister and the President to visit the memorial on state occasions.
- The memorial consists of a marble pedestal on which a cenotaph is situated. “Amar Jawan” which means immortal soldier is inscribed in gold on all four sides of the cenotaph. And on the top, an L1A1 self-loading rifle is placed, crowned by a helmet of a soldier. The helmet and the rifle belong to the unknown soldier who lost his life during the war.
facts about Amar jawan Jyoti
- The Amar Jawan Jyoti is manned all the time by soldiers from the army, air, and the Indian Navy. The three flags of the Indian Armed Forces (land, air, and navy) can also be seen there.
- The pedestal has four urns and among all four, one of the flames has been burning continuously since 1971. On occasions of the Indian Independence and Republic Day, all the flames are lit.
- The person who makes sure that the flame is burning continuously lives in a room under the arch, next to the burning flame.
- From 1971 to 2006, LPG was used to burn the flame but from 2006 onwards CNG is used.
- The Prime Minister of India also visits the Amar Jawan Jyoti every year on Republic Day before the annual parade begins.