Here are some Facts you must know about Red Fort.Even though it is situated in the heart of the capital city of India, New Delhi, there might be many things that you might have not known about it, so let’s find out some facts you must know about Red Fort:
The Red Fort was constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1639 and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. It is a massive structure which is another piece of art that depicts the architectural marvel of older days. The foundation of Red Fort is believed to have laid down by the same architectural geniusUstad Ahmad Lahauri, who was responsible for building the Taj Mahalunder the rule of the same emperor.
- It is believed that it was originally named as “Qila-E-Mubarak” which according to the English language means “The Blessed Fort”.
- It is also believed that this phenomenal structure was built when the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, wanted to shift his capital from Agra to New Delhi.
- When seen from the bird’s eye view, the outline of the surrounding wall of the Red fort looks like an octagon.
- The magnificent Fort is spread across a sprawling 256 acres. It includes a mosque, many special rooms, baths, a step well (also known as Baoli in Hindi), halls etc.
- Like any other monumental structures, the Red Fort also took a large period of time to build. It took an entire decade to create this historical structure that attracts a large number of tourists annually.
- The Red Fort has four gates namely Lahori, Delhi, Yamuna and Salimgarh gates.
- The main entrance is from the Lahori gate, it received its name due to the fact that it faces towards the city of Lahore (now in Pakistan), that during the Mughal Dynasty was a part of India.
- The Yamuna Gate was used during those days, to come down to the river directly. Possibly the River Yamuna used to flow close to the fort, which over the time changed its course.
- They say that Red Fort was originally white; however, when the white marble gradually got withered away, the red stone was used to cover it.
- Some of the special rooms and halls include the Rang Mahal and Khas Mahal. The Rang Mahal which in Hindi means the ‘Palace of Colours’ was meant for Queens and Mistresses to live whereas the Khas Mahal was used for eating meals and spending time with King’s and Pricesses’ beloved there.
- When the British came to India, they looted the country like anything and also took away the Kohinoor, an extremely precious diamond with them which used be a part of the throne of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Their loot and tyranny were not only confined this, but they also ruined many parts of the Fort. They also tried the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah in his own Fort at the Diwan-I-Khas or Hall of Audience and was sent into exile into
- A fact that is already known to many is that, every year on India’s Independence Day that is 15 August,the Prime Minister of India addresses the countrymen at the Red Fort by hoisting the national flag followed by a speech. This tradition has been going on ever since the first Independence Day of India.
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