Harmful Effects of Plastics and Measures Taken to Prevent Them

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Harmful Effects of Plastic – Plastic waste affects life on land and the ocean and is a major contributor to environmental degradation. It has led to various environmental problems on a global level. From plastic bags to plastic packaging, it contributes to non-recyclable waste which harms humans and animals alike.
By 2050, the ocean will contain more plastic than fish unless significant action is taken to minimize plastic pollution at every stage, from manufacturing to consumption. Wide stretches of the Pacific and Caribbean oceans are already home to trash islands. Just one of the many reasons it is crucial to utilize eco-friendly alternatives whenever possible and cut back on single-use plastic consumption.Harmful Effects of Plastic

Harmful Effects of Plastic

Massive amounts of fossil fuel, which contribute to climate change and air pollution, are needed to produce single-use plastics.

Plastics pose a severe threat to ecosystems, marine life, and human livelihoods after they are used. They continue to devastate the environment after their usage.

Plastics do not break down and degrade soil and land.

Plastics are life-threatening to animals as they are indigestible and they may choke after consuming them.

Plastics also block drains which may lead to unhygienic and other problems.

Harmful Effects of Plastic

Initiatives taken by the Government of India

The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change of the Government of India has announced the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021, which forbid certain single-use plastic items with low utility and high litter potential from 1st July 2022. This is in accordance with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s strong call to phase out single-use plastic, keeping in mind the detrimental effects of littered plastic on both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

The following single-use plastic products, including polystyrene and expanded polystyrene, may no longer be produced, imported, stored, distributed, sold, or used as of July 1, 2022: earbuds with plastic sticks, balloon sticks, plastic flags, candy sticks, ice cream sticks, and polystyrene [Thermocol] for decoration; plates, cups, glasses, cutlery like forks, spoons, and knives; straws; wrapping or packing films around sweet boxes, invitation cards, and cigarette packets; plastic or PVC banners smaller than 100 microns; stirrers.

Harmful Effects of Plastic

The thickness of plastic carry bags has been increased from fifty microns to seventy-five microns with effect from September 30, 2021, and to one hundred and twenty microns with effect from December 31, 2022, in an effort to reduce littering caused by light-weight plastic carry bags. As a result of the increase in thickness, plastic carriers can also be reused.

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