What are the benefits of preserving the umbilical cord? Why should you preserve umbilical cord? An Umbilical cord is a part of the placenta that delivers nutrients to the baby from the mother when the baby is in the mother’s womb. The average chord is 50-60cms long and about 1-2cms in diameter in a full-grown infant, which can vary in case of complications. There can be about 40 swirls, which can include fake knot and true knots.
Umbilical cord, after the baby is born, is cut, a small part of it left to hang and dry out to let it heal naturally and let form the naval.
Over the time, with the increasing malignancies and other illnesses, there is an increasing need for better treatment options. Kinds of researches are being worked upon to create simpler and more effective methods of treatment. Studies have shown that the preservation of the umbilical cord can be used to treat many malignant and degenerative illnesses.
The blood in the Umbilical cord is stem-cell rich. The stem cells are undifferentiated or unspecialized cells or building blocks that give rise to differentiated cells of the same type or other kinds of cells like the blood vessel, blood cells, muscle cells, bone cartilage, immune system cells, etc. Stem cells are pluripotent; they can make any of the 220 different cells found in the human body. They can help repair the body’s immune system after radiations and chemotherapy.
These are some of the benefits of preserving the umbilical cord of your baby:
- There is no risk involved to the mother or the baby.
- Extracting stem cells through umbilical cord is a simpler process than extracting it through bone marrow and less painful.
- Cord blood stem cells will always be a perfect match for your child and it can be useful for siblings too with, a partial match of 25%-50% and other family members in some cases under specific conditions.
- It is helpful for families with a history of diseases or disorders as the chances of their children developing those diseases or disorders is higher than others, and these can also occur 10 to 20 years earlier than others. Hence it is more important for them to preserve the umbilical cord of the baby.
- There are higher chances of replicating the transplanted cells in the host body and lower rates of attacking the host body in case of Graft vs host disease
- It helps in treating more than 80 diseases like types of leukaemia, lymphoma, neuroblastoma and are being researched upon to be used to cure degenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s, Diabetes, Parkinson’s and other fatal injuries like spinal cord injuries.
- It helps overcome finding a suitable donor difficulty, the possibility of finding the suitable donor is still very difficult with more than 29.5 million registered stem cell donors from 53 countries. Out of which the people from developed worlds still have a higher possibility to find a suitable donor than the ones in the third world countries where the registered donors are still very less.
- It is better than bone marrow stem cells as they are younger cells and free from latent and other viruses that take over our system later on in life.
Apart from these benefits, the only limitation that is found with it is, that the number of stem cells recovered from the umbilical cord is very less. Therefore there are also being researched upon other methods like embryonic stem cell preservation and adult stem cell preservation to treat various diseases. So if you are planning a baby you can consider preserving its umbilical cord considering these options. We hope the article has been able to answer all your queries as to the benefits of preserving umbilical cord.
Disclaimer: This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.