The procedure for cataract operation and the necessary precautions after a cataract surgery

cataract surgery procedure

Have you given cataract surgery procedure a thought to treat cataract? A cataract surgery, also called the lens replacement surgery, is a process that removes the natural lens of the eye that has developed an opacification, which we call a ‘cataract’. A surgery of the cataract is the replacement of the cataract with an intraocular lens, in order to achieve better vision.cataract surgery procedure

Things to know before a cataract surgery procedure:

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  • Your cataract surgery recovery should be short and uneventful. But make sure your health is good and you don’t have other major eye problems.
  • Statistics show that the chances of a good outcome and sharper vision after a surgery is excellent.
  • Uncomplicated cataract surgeries often take no longer than 10 minutes to perform. But immediately after the surgery, you’ll need to rest in a recovery area until the sedation or anesthesia wears off. This typically takes about 30 minutes to an hour.
  • You must have someone to drive you home after the procedure.
  • You’ll also be given a pair of sunglasses to wear on the trip home to protect your eye from bright light and glare.
  • In case you are sleepy or tired when you get home, you might want to rest in bed for a few hours.
  • Depending on your surgeon’s advice, you may be able to remove the protective shield placed over your eye within several hours after the procedure.
  • Tape the shield back over your eye at night or during naps for protection while you recover from cataract surgery for several days.

Must Read: All About Cataract

The precautions for after cataract surgery – Details of cataract surgery procedure

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There is no reason for you to panic if your vision seems cloudy, blurry, or distorted after you first remove the eye shield. This is because it can take time for the visual system to adjust to the removal of the cataract and adapt to the new intraocular lens which is now in use to replace your eye’s natural lens. But remember, these phenomenon like wavy visions or distortions must only stay for an hour or so.

There is also a chance that you might develop red and bloodshot eyes because of the temporary damage to the blood vessels on the sclera during the surgery. But as the eye heals, the redness should become less noticeable within several days. Now, if you got an injection for anesthesia via the skin into the lower portion of your eye, then you might notice some bruising similar to a black eye. This should also fade within a few days. So, don’t panic and make sure you understand the procedure from your doctor/surgeon again before the surgery.

Also Read: Food for healthy eyes

The aftermath of a cataract surgery procedure

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A lot of patients report clear vision within several hours of the cataract surgery. But you must acknowledge that each person heals differently and you may need as long as a week or two before you see images in their sharpest focus. You will also have a follow-up appointment with your surgeon the day after the procedure to make sure there are no complications.

In case you don’t notice any improvement in your blurry vision or you feel eye pain or significant discomfort in the days following this visit, you should report this to your surgeon. Sometimes people also report for dry eye or “scratchiness” after the cataract surgery. But these sensations should subside as your eye heals, unless you already had problems of dry eyes prior to having the procedure.

Your entire cataract surgery recovery should approximately take up about a month, i.e, to completely heal your eye.

More tips and precautions for after cataract surgery 

  • Avoid driving.
  • Refrain from doing any heavy lifting or strenuous activity for a few weeks.
  • Avoid bending over to prevent putting extra pressure on your eye.
  • Avoid sneezing or vomiting after the surgery.
  • Be careful walking around and don’t bump into doors or other objects.
  • In order to reduce the risk of infection, avoid swimming or a hot tub during the first week.
  • Don’t expose your eye to irritants such as grime, dust, or wind.
  • Don’t rub your eyes, which is a good idea even when you aren’t recovering from a surgery.

And within just a few weeks you should be able to sit and work on your computer, watch TV for a little while, shower/bath, etc. And don’t forget that if you’re looking to recover from a cataract surgery in the best way, don’t lose touch with your doctor/surgeon. Follow their instructions strictly.

Recommended Reading: Exercises that keep your eyes sharp and healthy

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Disclaimer: This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.

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