Thyroid Disorders: Types, Symptoms, and Causes of Thyroid

Symptoms of Thyroid

In this article, we will know What is Thyroid, What Causes Thyroid, Types, and Symptoms of Thyroid, and How to avoid it.

Symptoms of Thyroid

So, What is Thyroid?

symptoms of thyroid

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is placed low on the front of the neck, below Adam’s apple. It is placed in front of the windpipe and has two side lobes. These lobes are connected by a bridge (isthmus) in the middle.

Fact: When the thyroid is in its normal size, you can’t feel it.

Types and Symptoms of Thyroid

Types of Thyroid:

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Hyperthyroidism
  3. Thyroid nodules
  4. Thyroid cancer
  5. Goiter


symptoms of thyroid

In Hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone. This problem can develop within the thyroid gland, the hypothalamus, and also in the pituitary gland.

Symptoms of Thyroid – Hypothyroidism:

  • Fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Depression
  • Feeling cold
  • Constipation
  • Poor concentration
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Weight gain and obesity
  • Excessive menstrual bleeding in women

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symptoms of thyroid

In Hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces excessive thyroid hormones. This is what increases metabolism, causing a reduction in weight.

Symptoms of Thyroid – Hyperthyroidism:

  • Tremor
  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Weight loss
  • High sweating
  • Fast heart rate
  • Intolerance for heat

Thyroid Nodules

symptoms of thyroid

Thyroid nodules are lumps or masses within the thyroid. Nodules can be caused by benign tumors, benign cysts, or even cancer. These can either be single or multiple and can also differ in size.

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Thyroid cancer

symptoms of thyroid

Thyroid cancer is more common among adults. It is also more common in women than in men. There are different kinds of thyroid cancer that depend upon the specific cell type within the thyroid that has become cancerous. When diagnosed in its early stages, thyroid cancer can have a good prognosis and high survival rates.


symptoms of thyroid

A goiter is the enlargement of the thyroid gland. Goiter is not a specific disease but is related to hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, or normal thyroid function.

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What causes Thyroid problems?

symptoms of thyroid

Thyroid problems can occur because of various reason, and here are some:

  • Cancer growths in the thyroid gland.
  • Graves’ disease, where the production of the thyroid hormone is too much.
  • Toxic adenomas, where nodules develop inside the thyroid gland. They secrete excess thyroid hormones which upset the body’s chemical balance.
How to avoid thyroid?

symptoms of thyroid

  • Keep yourself safe from X-rays.
  • Avoid smoking as soon as possible.
  • Say no to excessive endurance exercise. Long-distance can make your thyroid depressed.
  • Avoid starvation diets and make sure to eat a cheat meal once a week to keep your metabolism active.

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Disclaimer: This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.

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