All About Cataract: What is it, cataract symptoms, cataract operation, precautions after cataract operation

what is cataract

Let’s find out What is cataract, what are cataract symptoms, when to get cataract operation done, precautions after cataract operation and more.

A cataract is an opacification (cloudy area) of the lens of the eye which leads to a decrease in vision. It often develops slowly and can affect one or both eyes. The cataract is very common in older people and a lot of the elder populations have even had surgeries to get rid of cataract. But, the thing that confuses most is how to detect cataracts and what causes it in the first place.what is cataract

What is cataract ? What are the causes of cataracts?

Most cataracts are caused by normal changes in your eyes as you get older. When you’re young, the lens in your eye is clear. But around the age of 40, the proteins in the lens of your eye start to break down and clump together. This clump is what makes a cloudy area on your lens and is called a ‘cataract’. Besides aging, cataract risk factors also include:

         Ultraviolet radiation

         Hypertension

         Smoking

         Family history

         Diabetes

         Obesity

         Previous eye injury or inflammation

         Previous eye surgery

         Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications

         Statin medicines used to reduce cholesterol

         Hormone replacement therapy

         Significant alcohol consumption

         High myopia

The problem with having a cataract is that it gets severe and clouds more of the lens with time. So how do you find out if you have a cataract? Read the symptoms below.

Must Read: Exercises to keep your eyes sharp and healthy

Major cataract symptoms – What is cataract

Symptoms of cataract may include:

         faded colors

         blurry or double vision

         halos around light

         trouble with bright lights

         trouble seeing at night

Cataracts usually result in troubled driving, reading, or even recognizing faces. The worst part about having a cataract is that the poor vision increases the risk of falling and depression. It also leads to half of all cases of blindness and 33% of visual impairment worldwide. Now you’re wondering how is that possible. Well, you clearly didn’t know that a cataract at first is not so noticeable. But over time, cataract makes your vision blurry, hazy, or less colorful which is a cue for you to save your eyes. The good news is that cataract surgeries can help. A Cataract surgery is safe and corrects vision problems caused by cataracts but you must always consult the right doctor before going in for an option like this.

Also Read: Food for healthy eyes

All about cataract – What is cataract? How to prevent cataracts?

In order to protect your eyes and delay cataracts, here’s what you must do: 

         Wear anti-glare sunglasses and a hat with a brim to block the sun’s bright light.

         Quit smoking.

         Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables — especially dark and leafy greens like spinach, kale, and collard greens. This keeps your eyes healthy.

         Get a dilated eye exam once in every 2 years.

         Use brighter lights at home and work.

         Use magnifying lenses for reading and other activities.

Recommended Reading: Curing Anxiety and Depression with the help of Yoga

For more articles like, ‘what is cataract and all about it’, do follow us on FacebookTwitter, and Instagram.

Disclaimer: This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *