Today we will discuss, what is collagen? Collagen is an abundant protein present in several parts of our body including bones, muscles, tendons, and skin. Collagen basically forms a scaffold. This is to provide structure and strength to our body cells. Now you might probably be wondering if Collagen is already abundant in our system then why do we need it in the form of food or supplements?
What is Collagen and its Types?
Well, collagen exists in two forms – Endogenous and Exogenous. Endogenous Collagen is nothing but natural collagen that is synthesized by the body itself. Exogenous Collagen, on the other hand, is synthetic and comes from outside sources like supplements. Both these types of Collagen contribute to different activities in the body. Collagen exists in over 16 different types.
Quick Facts on Collagen:
- Exogenous collagen is used in medical and cosmetic products.
- Collagen is present throughout the body especially in the skin, bones, and connective tissues.
- Some types of collagen including gram-for-gram, fibrils are even stronger than steel.
- As one ages, the production of collagen in the body decreases. Factors like smoking and UV light also contribute to decreasing collagen production.
- Collagen plays a vital role in attracting new skin cells to recover from wounds.
- Collagen molecules are too large to be absorbed through the skin and must be taken in through supplements only.
Coming back to what is collagen? You might be surprised to know that collagen is hard, insoluble, and a fibrous protein. It also makes 1/3rd of the body’s protein. Collagen anchors all cells to each other and makes the skin strong and elastic.
Also Read: How to Take Years off your Skin?
Benefits of Collagen
Collagen has diverse functions, but the most important one includes Skin Benefits. Collagen is a miracle for the skin. As a skin filler, collagen helps in improving contours and fills out depressions. As a cosmetic product, it helps in removing lines & wrinkles and reduces scars. It also helps wounds from recovering by attracting new skin cells to the wound. A list of other benefits of collagen include:
- Increased Muscle Mass
- Prevents Bone Loss
- Supports Healthy Heart
- Maintains Healthy Weight
- Reduces Anxiety
- Maintains Healthy Gut
- Promotes Hair Growth
- Improves Mood
- Promotes Nail Growth
Recommended Reading: How to Detox your Skin and Why is it Important?
Disclaimer: This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.