7 Unknown Special Forces of India

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Did you know about the Indian special forces? Special forces of India refer to the Special force units that are specifically organized, trained, and equipped to conduct and support special operations, serving under the Republic of India.

indian special forces

In general, there are three branches of the Indian Armed Forces that have separate social forces units. These three branches are called the Para SF of the Indian Army, MARCOS of the Indian Navy, and the Garud Commando Force of the Indian Air Force. There are also small forces called the Special Group and the Special Frontier Force which have a unified command and control structure under the Research and Analysis Wing. Apart from this there are two more small forces called the National Security Guard and the Special Protection Group which are controlled under the internal security agency of India.

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Let’s check out some facts about the Indian special forces,

Para SF

Para SF

Commonly known as Para SF, the Para (special forces) is the special operations unit of the Indian Army which is attached to the parachute Regiment. This unit’s heritage stems from World War II with the creation of the 50th Parachute Brigade in October 1941. It was next raised in 1966 by the Indian Army, during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. It was called the 9th Parachute Commando Battalion and is one of the oldest among the eight Para SF units of the Indian Army. It is also true that the Special Group of the Research and Analysis Wing recruits soldiers from the Para SF.

The Para SF has served under the Indian Army several times, some of which include, the 1971 Indo-Pakistan War, Operation Bluestar 1984, Sri Lanka 1987, Operation Cactus 1988 in Maldives, 1999 Kargil War, Operation Khukri 2000 in Sierra Leone, Operation Summer Storm 2009, the ongoing counter-insurgency operations in Kashmir and in northeastern India, the counter-terrorist operation in Samba, the counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar 2015, and the Surgical strikes in Pakistan-administered Kashmir.

Indian special forces

MARCOS

MARCOS

MARCOS, an abbreviation for the Marine Commandos (Marine Commando Force) was created by the Indian Navy, in February 1987. Some of its responsibilities include providing support to amphibious operations, which means it is capable of operating in all types of environments – sea, air, and land. Some of its other responsibilities include Special surveillance and reconnaissance operations, clandestine operations inside hostile territory including diving operations and raids, and counter-terrorism operations. MARCOS participated in the 2008 Mumbai Attacks along with the National Security Guards.

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Indian special forces – MARCOS

Indian special forces MARCOS

MARCOS regularly takes up specialized maritime operations in J&K through the Jhelum River and Wular Lake and has been part of many operations including Operation Pawan in 1987, Operation Cactus in 1988, Operation Tasha in 1991, Operation Zabardust in 1992, UNISOM II in 1993, ongoing Operation Rakshak, 1999 Kargil War, Operation Rahat in Yemen in 2015, Operation Black Tornado in 2008, Anti-Piracy in 2008, 2011, 2013, and 2017, Exercise Balance Iroquois in 2003, and Abduction of Dubai princess Sheikha Latifa in 2018.

Indian special forces

Garud Commando Force

Garud Commando Force

The Garud Commando Force is the special forces unit of the Indian Air Force which was formed in September 2004. It currently has a strength of over 1500 personnel and derives its name from ‘Garuda’ which is a divine creature in Hinduism. The Garud is tasked with the protection of critical Air Force bases and installations, search and rescue during peace and hostilities, and disaster relief during calamities. It is presently deployed in Congo, as part of the UN peacekeeping operations.

Indian special forces

Special Group

Special Group

The Special Group is a special force of India’s foreign intelligence agency, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). It is tasked to undertake covert operations and is considered to be composed of the most elite soldiers of India. It is said to be responsible for conducting secret operations of national interest. With its confidential nature, it is not hard to analyze that most of the information about its activities are highly classified.

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Indian special forces – Special Forces of India

Special Frontier Force

Special Frontier Force

The Special Frontier Force is again, a special force of India which was created on 14 November 1962. Its main objective was to conduct covert operations behind Chinese lines during the Sino-Indian War. It participated in China in 1964, in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, and in several other internal operations.

Indian special forces

National Security Guard

National Security Guard

With a mission to train, equip, and keep a special force capable of swiftly and effectively combating terrorism to live up to its motto, Sarvatra Sarvottam Suraksha, the Nation Security Guard is an elite counter-terrorism unit which operates under the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs. This special force of India was founded on 15 October 1984, following Operation Bluestar and the assassination of Indira Gandhi for combating terrorist activities as also to protect states against internal disturbances. It is also sometimes referred to as ‘The Black Cats’.

Indian special forces

Special Protection Group

Special Protection Group

The Indian Special Protection Group (SPG) is a special force that provides proximate security to the Prime Minister of India and members of their immediate families wherever in the world they are. This unit was formed in 1988 by an act of the Parliament of India. Earlier, it also used to provide security to former prime ministers but now the former prime ministers have been given the Z+ security cover.

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