India Guide: Interesting facts about India Gate, Description and History

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Interesting facts about India Gate – The capital of India, Delhi is known for its monuments, food and marketplaces. Millions of tourists come here every year. If you ever visit Delhi, India Gate is the is a must see. India Gate is the national monument of independent India. We are sharing with you some Interesting facts about India Gate which you must know.

interesting facts about india gate

Interesting facts about India Gate

Establishment of India Gate

  • In the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War, about 90,000 soldiers of the British Indian Army lost their lives to save the powerful British Empire. India Gate was built in honor of these soldiers.
  • Its foundation stone was laid on 10 February 1921 and was inaugurated on February 12, 1931.
  • Names of 13,516 soldiers, including some soldiers and officers of the United Kingdom, are engraved at this gate.
  • Also known as India War Memorial, it is formerly known as Kingsway.

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Description and History of India Gate

Monument architecture

  • The design of India Gate is inspired by the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. Its foundation was laid by Edwin Landseer Lutyens, who was then the chief architect of Delhi.
  • The height of the India Gate is about 42 meters. The entire composition is made of marble stone and the words inscribed are written in yellow sandstone. It took 10 years to complete it.
  • INDIA is engrave on both sides of the India Gate. Dates are inscribed on the left and right of ‘INDIA’ MCMXIV (1914) and MCMXIX (1919). Just below ‘INDIA’, the following is inscribed in capital letters:

TO THE DEAD OF THE INDIAN ARMIES WHO FELL AND ARE HONOURED IN FRANCE AND FLANDERS MESOPOTAMIA AND PERSIA EAST AFRICA GALLIPOLI AND ELSEWHERE IN THE NEAR AND THE FAR-EAST AND IN SACRED MEMORY ALSO OF THOSE WHOSE NAMES ARE HERE RECORDED AND WHO FELL IN INDIA OR THE NORTH-WEST FRONTIER AND DURING THE THIRD AFGHAN WAR.

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Amar Jawan Jyoti

  • The Amar Jawan Jyoti, built at India Gate since 1971, is constantly burning. It was created after independence.
  • During the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to 16 December 1971, the Indian Army had a confrontation with Pakistan (Indo-Pak War of 1971).
  • The Indian Army played an important role in the creation of independent Bangladesh, in which many Indian soldiers lost their lives.
  • After the Indo-Pak war in December 1971, Indira Gandhi provided financial assistance to build Amar Jawan Jyoti under India Gate.
  • The memorial was built in memory of Indian soldiers killed in Indo-Pak war of 1971.
  • The memorial of the martyred soldier is made of black marble. A rifle stands on top of which the helmet of a soldier is placed.

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Republic day parade

  • The Republic Day Parade is held here on 26 January every year.
  • The parade passes through the premises of India Gate starting from Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  • Every year on Republic Day the President, Prime Minister and the three Chiefs pay floral chakras and pay their respects at Amar Jawan Jyoti.

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A Special place to hang out

  • If you want to go on a picnic with friends then gardens around India Gate makes a best beautiful picnic spot.
  • India Gate is very crowded during evenings and holidays.

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