Introducing you to the main battle tanks of India, the most powerful battle tanks in India who are serving for our country.
Main Battle Tanks of India: Most powerful battle tanks in India
Arjun is developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It is a third-generation tank.
The Arjun consists of a 120mm main gun with armor-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot ammunition, one PKT 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, and another 12.7mm machine gun.
The engine of the Arjun is a single MTU multi-fuel diesel engine.
The tank gives out 1400 BHP and can achieve a speed of 67kmph.
Crew of the Arjun tank:
The crew comprises four members i.e. Commander, Loader, Gunner, Driver.
Main battle tanks of India – T-90 BHISHMA
T-90 is a legendary Russian tank. India purchased 310 T90 tanks from Russia in 2001.T-90S Bhishma is upgraded by a joint collaboration of the Indian, Russian and French engineers. Originally it was called T-72BU but later renamed to T-90.
T-90 uses a 125mm 2A46 smoothbore tank gun, a new engine, thermal sights, and 1G46 gunner sights. It also consists of 125mm smoothbore main gun and 12.7mm heavy machine gun.
The power plant of T-90 is simpler, smaller, cheaper and reliable as compared to other tanks.
The T-90 Bhishma tank is powered by an 1130 HP engine.
It has a top speed of 60kmph.
Main battle tanks of India – K-9 Vajra
K-9 Vajra Self-Propelled Artillery was included in the Army in November 2018. K-9 thunderbolt is a variant of K-9 thunder being used by the South Korean Army.
K9 Vajra-T is 155 mm / 52 caliber. It is the first cannon of the country which has been built by the Indian private sector. It can point the enemy easily for a kilometer distance. The tank weighs 47 tonnes. It can hold up to 5 people. It is helpful in firing 15 rounds of fierce firing in three minutes. It can fire 60 rounds continuously in 60 minutes.
T-72 Ajeya is an upgrade version on the Russian made T-72 tanks. India purchased 500 T-72 tanks from the USSR in 1978. The first country outside Europe to begin producing the T-72 is India.
T-72 tank has a main gun of 125mm. It also holds snorkel water barriers of up to 5 m can be traversed. It is small in size and weighs 40 tonnes.
A 780 hp diesel engine provides speeds up to 60 km/h.
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Main battle tanks of India – Vijayanta
The Vijayanta was the main battle tank in India based on a licensed design of the Vickers Mk.1. It is the first indigenous tank of the Indian Army. The Vijayanta was first made in the UK and then the production moved to India. Vijayanta has been supplemented by T-72M1 in India. The Tank serviced in the Indian Army from 1965 to 2008.
It weighed 39 tonnes and had a height of 2.711m. The crew for this tank comprised of four members. Main Armaments- 1*105 mm L7A2 (44 Rounds), Secondary Armaments- 1*12.7 mm MG (1000 Rounds)
Variants of Vijayanta:
During this period, different variants of Vijayanta were formed named Vijayanta MK1, Vijayanta MK1A, Vijayanta MK1B, Vijayanta MK1C, Vijayanta MK2.
The tank got retired in 2008. The Vijayanta was seen in commemorative postage stamps in 2016. It got retired as the technology used in the tank got outdated. It also used to overheat in desert areas.
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