What is the National Dengue Control Programme in India?

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National Dengue Control Programme in India – Dengue is caused by dengue causing mosquitoes prevalent during monsoons in the country. Dengue fever starts a few days after being infected by the mosquito bite. After fever, symptoms may include severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rashes.National Dengue Control Programme

National Dengue Control Programme in India – Facts about Dengue 

  • Dengue is a viral disease caused by  dengue virus (DENV, 1–4 serotypes)
  • Dengue is transmitted by bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito infected with any one of the four dengue viruses.
  • Aedes aegypti mosquito bites during daylight hours.
  • Person develops symptoms 3-14 days after the infective bite.
  • Patients who are suffering from dengue virus can transmit the infection to other humans via Aedes mosquitoes.
  • Dengue prevention and control depends on effective preventive measures.

National Dengue Control Programme in India – Strategies to control Dengue in India 

The Enhanced 4S Strategy

  • S – Search and Destroy
  • S – eek Early Consultation
  • S – elf Protection Measures
  • S – ay yes to fogging only during outbreaks

National Dengue Control Programme in India 

The National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme (NVBDCP)

This is an umbrella programme for prevention and control of vector borne diseases like dengue. The States are responsible for implementation of programme, whereas the Directorate of NVBDCP, Delhi provides technical assistance, policies and assistance to the States in the form of cash & commodity, as per approved pattern.

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There is no specific anti-viral drug or vaccine against dengue infection. However, early diagnosis and proper management of the cases.

National Dengue Control Programme in India

A Mid Term Plan has been formulated by the ministry to control the spread of the virus. The main components of Mid Term are as follows:

  • Surveillance: – Disease and Entomological Surveillance.
  • Case Management: Laboratory Diagnosis and Clinical Management
  • Vector Management: Environmental Management for reducing source
  • Outbreak Response: Epidemic Preparedness and Media Management.
  • Capacity Building: Training and strengthening Human Resource along with Operational Research.
  • Behaviour Change Communication: Social Mobilization and Information, Education, and Communication (IEC).
  • Inter-sectoral Coordination: With Ministries of Urban Development, Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Surface Transport and Education sector.
  • Monitoring and supervision: Analysis of reports, field works, review and feedbacks

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