What is NRC(National register of citizens of india)?
National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register that is maintained by the Government of India which contain names & appropriate information for identification of Indian citizens. NRC was mandated by The Citizenship Act 1955 which was amended in 2003–2004.
The register was initially made for Assam state. However, on 20th November 2019, Home Minister Amit Shah declared that the register would be expanded to the entire country. Earlier, the register was prepared after the 1951 Census of India and since then it was not been updated.
Assam is the first state in India where updating of the NRC is being taken up to include the names of those persons whose names appeared in the NRC of 1951 and are still alive.
Why was NRC updated for Assam? – National register of citizens of india
The process of updating of NRC in Assam started in the year 2013 when the Supreme Court of India passed an order for its updating. Since then, the Supreme Court has been observing it continuously.
The purpose of updating NRC in the state of Assam is to identify Indian citizens who are presently residents of the state so that illegal migrants who entered the state after midnight on 24 March 1971 can be recognized.
What role Supreme Court played while updating NRC? – National register of citizens of india
To make the process of NRC update smooth, the Supreme Court made it clear that complaints regarding obstruction in the matter of update of NRC by any person or authority may first be brought to the notice of the Court appointed Committee and the Committee will submit the report to the Registry of this Court, from where it will be brought to notice of the Bench.
Process of updating NRC – National register of citizens of india
- The first effort of identifying foreigners was done in 2010 by updating the National Register in Assam through a Pilot Project. The project was started in 2 circles, one in Kamrup district and another in Barpeta district, which had to be aborted within 4 weeks. The updating of NRC was considered almost an impossible task by the government agencies.
- However, in 2013, the task was again taken up at the Supreme Court of India. Headed by the bench of Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman, the court mandated the Union Government and the State Government to complete the updating of NRC. Since then, the Supreme Court of India has been tracking the process.
- The whole process is conducted by an Indian Administrative Service cadre officer, Prateek Hajela who has been designated as the State Coordinator of National Registration, Assam.
- On 3 September 2019, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party expressed its view that the people excluded from the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam might be sent back to Bangladesh.