In this article, know everything about National Technology Day 2020, national technology day history, when and why technology day is celebrated.
When is National Technology Day celebrated? – National technology day history
National Technology Day is celebrated every year on 11 May.
Why National Technology Day is celebrated?
The purpose of celebrating National Technology Day is to commemorate the major technological breakthroughs, achievements and contributions of our Indian scientists and engineers. It was on this day in 1998 that India conducted Pokhran-II where Shakti-I nuclear missile was tested at the Pokhran Test Range of Indian Army in Rajasthan. Prior to this, Pokhran-I nuclear test was conducted in May 1974. The day was coined by then PM Atal Bihari Bajpayee.
History of celebrating Technology Day – National technology day history
- On this day, India successfully tested Shakti-I nuclear missile at the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan which was named as Operation Shakti or Pokhran-II. The operation was executed by late President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.
- Two days later, India test fired two nuclear weapons as a part of Operation Shakti. Since then this day is being celebrated every year to remember the importance of science in daily life as also to encourage youth to choose it as a career option.
- Operation Shakti named ‘Smiling Buddha’ (code name) was carried out in May 1974. The second test, Pokhran II was tests of five nuclear bomb explosions carried out by India at the Pokhran test range in May, 1998.
- The initial five tests were conducted on 11 May, when three nuclear bombs were exploded while recording an earthquake of 5.3. The remaining of the two tests was carried out on May 13.
- On 13 May 1998, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced India as a nuclear state by which India became the sixth country in the world to join the “nuclear club”.
- The day also highlights the flight of India’s first indigenous aircraft, Hansa-3 that was flown in Bengaluru when the nuclear tests were organized in Rajasthan.
- Hansa-3 was a two-seater aviation plane used in the flying institutes for sports, pilot training, aerial photography, surveillance and projects related to the environment. It was developed by the National Aerospace Laboratories.
National Technology Day celebrations – National technology day history
Various events are held on this day. Various awards are given to innovative scientists and engineers, entrepreneurs under various categories like successful commercialization of indigenous technology, successful technology commercialization by MSME and Technology Start-up.