Raja Rammohan Roy Biography History Facts Education Family and Life

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The popular pioneer of the Indian Renaissance, Raja Rammohan Roy is popular for his remarkable reforms in the 18th and 19th centuries. During his entire life, he has worked for the betterment of society. From abolishing Sati to the formation of Brahmo Samaj, his efforts were instrumental in eradicating the purdah system and child marriage as well. Raja Rammohan Roy

On this auspicious day of Raja Rammohan Roy Jayanti, let us know more about the life of this freedom fighter.

Raja Rammohan Roy Early life

Born on August 14, 1774, in the Radhanagar village of Hooghly district, Raja Rammohan Roy was a fighter. His father was a wealthy Brahmin with orthodox values and followed his religion strictly. Raja Rammohan Roy wanted to be a monk at the age of 14 but his mother opposed the idea.

Roy became the victim of child marriage not once but thrice in his life. After the death of his first wife at the age of 9, he was married to the second at 10. He had two sons from the marriage and after the death of the second wife he was married to the third who later left him.

Raja Rammohan Roy Education

Though his father was very orthodox in his beliefs, he wanted Raja Rammohan Roy to pursue his higher studies. He learned Bengali and Sanskrit in the village school. Further, he learned Persian and Arabic from a Madrasa in Patna. He also studied the Quran and other Islamic books.

After Patna, he went to Benaras for detailed learning of Sanskrit. He began studying the Vedas and Upanishads. At 22, he learnt English and read philosophers like Aristotle.

After completing his education, Roy started working in the English East India Company as a clerk. Later, he was promoted to the Diwani position wherein he had to collect revenues for the state.

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Raja Rammohan Roy Social Reforms

During the Dark Age, i.e.; the 18th century, society was victimized by evil customs and beliefs. Practices like child marriage, polygamy, and Sati prevailed which affected the lives of girl child and women of the society.

Young girls were married to older men in return for dowry. These girls had to be Sati after the death of their husbands. On witnessing the condition of women in society, Raja Rammohan Roy raised his voice against it. He took the help of the East India company in abolishing these practices. The Governor General, Lord William Bentick passed the Bengal Sati Regulation XVII in 1829. He also demanded strict actions against child marriage and polygamy.

Other contributions of Raja Rammohan Roy

Being an educated individual, Raja Rammohan Roy knew the importance and transformation that education could bring in one’s life. He believed that the Vedas and Upanishads provided philosophical knowledge which has to be intertwined with rational education. Therefore, advocated introducing the English Education System in the country. Scientific subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, etc., were to be taught. He established the Hindu College, Anglo-Vedic School, and Vedanta College in 1817, 1822 and 1826 respectively.

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Fighting for Vernacular Press was his contribution in the field of journalism. He published newspapers like Miratul-Akbar (Persian) and Sambad Kaumudi (Bengali) weekly. During those times, the news was filtered by the Britishers before publishing. He protested against it arguing that newspapers should be free and truth should not be suppressed.

Raja Rammohan Roy Death

Raja Rammohan Roy travelled to England in 1830 to request the Government to increase royalty. During his visit he died of meningitis at Stapleton in Bristol on 27 September, 1833.

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