One of the most anticipated project in India, the ram mandir construction, has officially begun. After a dispute that lasted for nearly 166 years, the Supreme Court on 9th November 2019, put a rest to the Ayodhya dispute case.
According to the ruling that was passed by the SC, a temple is to be constructed at the disputed site. Similarly, an alternative land of 5 acres in Ayodhya has been given to Muslims to build a mosque. From 1853 to 2019, it was a tough call for Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi who led a 5-judge constitution bench to announce this verdict.
Timeline for ram mandir construction – Ayodhya Ram Mandir Construction
Now that the construction has been instructed by the SC, catch the timeline for the construction of ram mandir in Ayodhya below:
18 July 2020 – A meeting was held to discuss on a few dates for the Bhumi Pujan. PM Narendra Modi has also been invited for the Bhumi Pujan by the Shri Ram JanmaBhumi Teerth Kshetra Trust.
The Bhumi Pujan of the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is scheduled to take place on August 5, 2020. During the auspicious ceremony, the foundation stone of the temple will be laid and then, the construction of the temple shall begin.
17 July 2020 – Nripendra Misra met with senior administrative officials of the district once again. He then held a meeting with Nikhil Sompura to discuss the model of the temple where even L&T officers and engineers were present.
On the same day, UP CM Yogi Adityanath also held a meeting. Besides discussing on Ram Mandir, the CM also discussed a road map of the development of the Ayodhya city.
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Latest News about ram mandir construction – Bhumi Pujan before construction begins
16 July 2020 – Nripendra Misra, head of the Ram Mandir Construction Committee, held 2 meetings – one with administrative officials of the district and the other with the trustees of Ram JanmaBhumi Teerth Trust.
15 July 2020 – KK Sharma, Former Director-General of Border Security Force and current Chairman of Ram Mandir Safety Advisory Committee arrived and inspected the Ram JanmaBhumi premises. He also held meetings with officials.
26 May 2020 – Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, chairman of the Ram JanmaBhumi Teertha Kshetra Trust paid his respects to deity Ram Lalla at the makeshift temple in Ayodhya. He also announced the start of the construction of the Ram Mandir. The Mahant performed puja in the morning and Lord Ram Lalla was moved out of the temple after 27 long years. The idol was shifted in a palanquin to Manas Bhawan in the presence of UP CM Yogi Adityanath. The makeshift Ram temple is made of fiberglass and is bulletproof.
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Ayodhya Dispute Timeline – Latest News about ram mandir construction
Below is the timeline of the Ayodhya Dispute Case, right from when it started to how it ended:
- The controversy began in 1853. After the construction of the mosque, the Hindus alleged that the place where the mosque was built was earlier the temple of Lord Rama, which was demolished and the mosque was constructed instead.
- In 1885, this case reached the court for the first time. Mahant Raghubar Das filed an appeal in the Faizabad court for permission to build a Ram temple adjacent to the Babri Masjid.
- In 1859, the English government erected a wire fence to allow separate prayers to Muslims and Hindus in the inner and outer premises of the disputed land.
- A statue of Lord Rama was placed on this central site on 23 December 1949. After this, the Hindus started worshiping at the place regularly while Muslims stopped offering Namaz there.
- Next, on 16 January 1950, Gopal Singh Visharad filed an appeal in the Faizabad court, seeking special permission to worship Ram Lala.
- Then, on December 5, 1950, Mahant Paramahansa Ram Chandra Das filed a lawsuit to continue the Hindu prayers and keep the statue of Lord Rama in the disputed structure. The mosque was named ‘Dhancha’.
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Ayodhya Dispute Timeline – ram mandir construction
- 17 December 1959 – The Nirmohi Akhara (Nirmohi Arena) filed a lawsuit to transfer the disputed site. Subsequently, on December 18, 1961, the Sunni Waqf Board of Uttar Pradesh also filed a lawsuit for the ownership of the Babri Masjid and for the removal of idols from mosque premises.
- In 1984, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) started a campaign to open the locks of the disputed structure, to make Ram Janmasthan independent and also build a huge temple there. A committee was also formed for the purpose.
- On 1 February 1986, the Faizabad District Judge allowed Hindus to worship at the disputed site. The locks were reopened, but this angered some of the Muslim organizations and they formed the Babri Masjid Action Committee to protest.
- During 1989, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) started giving formal support to the VHP, thereby giving a new life to the temple movement.
- July 1, 1989 – A fifth lawsuit was filed in the name of Lord Ramlala Virajaman.
- November 9, 1989 – The then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s government allowed the foundation stone near the disputed structure.
- 25 September 1990 – BJP President Lal Krishna Advani took a Rath yatra from Somnath in Gujarat to Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, after which communal riots started erupting.
- During 1990, Advani was arrested in Samastipur, Bihar.
Ayodhya Dispute Timeline – ram mandir construction
- In October 1991, the Kalyan Singh government in Uttar Pradesh took over 2.77 acres of land near the disputed structure and gave it to RamJanmBhoomi Nyas Trust on lease. The Allahabad High Court, however, ordered not to build any permanent structure.
- December 6, 1992 – Thousands of karsevaks came together to Ayodhya and demolished the disputed structure, which led to communal riots. After this, a temporary Ram temple was built in haste.
- 16 December 1992 – The Liberhan Commission was formed to investigate the responsible conditions for the dismantling of the disputed structure.
- In January 2002, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee started an Ayodhya department in his office. This department’s job was to resolve the dispute between Hindus and Muslims.
- In April 2002, a 3-judge bench began hearing on the ownership of the disputed site in Ayodhya.
- Then, the Archaeological Survey of India started excavation in Ayodhya during March to August 2003, under the instructions of the Allahabad High Court. The ASI claimed that there was evidence of the temple remains under the disputed structure, but the Muslims had different opinions about it.
- The court then gave a ruling that 7 Hindu leaders instigating the demolition of the disputed structure should to be called for a hearing.
- In July 2009, the Liberhan commission submitted its report to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, 17 years after the formation. The report was not made public.
- 28 September 2010 – The Supreme Court paved way for the judgment, dismissing the petition preventing the Allahabad High Court from awarding decision in the disputed case.
- 30 September 2010 – The Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court delivered the historic verdict. The Allahabad High Court divided the disputed land into three parts, one part was given to the Ram temple, the other to Sunni Waqf Board and Nirmohi Akhara got the third, but the verdict did not take any action against the culprits.
- In July 2016, the oldest litigant in the Babri case, Hashim Ansari passed away.
- 21 March 2017 – The Supreme Court spoke of resolving the dispute by mutual consent.
- 9 November 2017 – Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath met Shia Waqf Board Chairman Wasim Rizvi. Wasim Rizvi then made a big statement after the meeting. He said that a Ram temple should be built at the disputed site in Ayodhya and the mosque should be built away from there.
- 16 November 2017 – Spiritual guru, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar tried to mediate to resolve the matter and met several people related to the dispute.
- This was followed by a hearing in the Supreme Court on 5 December 2017. The court asked for all documents to be completed by 8 February 2018.
- 8 February 2018 – Senior advocate, Rajiv Dhawan, appearing for the Sunni Waqf Board, appealed to the Supreme Court to hold a regular hearing on the case, but the bench rejected his appeal.
- On March 14, 2018 – Senior advocate, Rajiv Dhawan demanded a review in the decision of the Ismail Farooqi versus the Indian Union of 1994.
- July 20, 2018 – The Supreme Court reserved the verdict on Rajiv Dhawan’s appeal.
- 27 September 2018 – The court quashed Ismail Farooqi’s demand and said that the civil litigation in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute in Ayodhya would be decided on the basis of evidence and the earlier decision would be applicable only in the case of land acquisition.
- Subsequently, on October 29, 2018 – The Supreme Court stayed the hearing on the Ayodhya dispute until January 2019. A bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Justice KM Joseph made it clear that the Ayodhya case would not be heard immediately.
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- 3 March 2019 – The Supreme Court said that this dispute will be resolved through mediation and negotiation.
- March 8, 2019 – The Supreme Court formed an arbitration committee to resolve the matter with talks. Justice Kalifullah, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, senior lawyer Mr. Ram Panchu were part of the committee.
- At the same time, a 5-member constitution bench, chaired by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, asked the court to be informed about the outcome of the arbitration proceedings by 31st July or 1 August so that he could proceed with the case.
- Arbitration, in this case, could not yield any result till 1 August. Some parties did not agree on arbitration.
- It was then decided that from the 6th of August, a daily hearing of the Ram Mandir Verdict will be held in the Supreme Court.
- 3 September 2019 – The Muslim parties told the Supreme Court that if the title of the disputed land will be granted to them, then Hindus could be allowed to worship deity Ram Lalla in the outer courtyard of the demolished mosque.
- The SC curtailed the schedule of arguments over the 2.77 acres disputed Ram Janmabhoomi – Babri Masjid land in Ayodhya by a day and said that they would conclude the result by 17th October 2019.
- While the decision in the case was announced on 9th November 2019, Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi’s term ended on November 17. His last working day was November 16, 2019.
- The final verdict said that the disputed land shall be given to Hindus for the construction of a temple and a separate plot of 5 acres should be given to Muslims in Ayodhya for the construction of a mosque.
The verdict on 9th November 2019 finally put to rest to a subject that lasted for over a decade. Not only that, this dispute was also a flashpoint for several religious and political moves. But now, the construction of the temple has begun and 5 acres have been given to Muslims to build a mosque, leading to peace.
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