Significance of Mahavir Jayanti – It is one of the most important religious festivals of the Jain community and is celebrated in India with great devotion to recall the birth and philosophy of Lord Mahavira, the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankar. As per the Gregorian calendar, the festival falls either in March or April.
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Things to know about Significance of Mahavir Jayanti
- Most modern historians believed that Mahavira was born in Kundalpur in Champaran district of Bihar.
- Mahavira was known originally as Vardhamana born in either 599 BC or 615 BC to King Siddhartha and Trishla.
- According to the legend, Devananda, wife of a Brahmin named Rishabhdeva, conceived Mahavira but the gods transferred the embryo to the womb of Trishala.
- During the pregnancy, Trishala was believed to have seen a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying that the child would be either an emperor or a Tirthankara.
- Mahavira was a prince but, in his early years, he was fascinated by the core beliefs of Jainism and started meditating.
- Mahavir was named ‘Vardhamana’, which means “One who grows”. He got this name because of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his birth.
- At the age of 30, he abandoned the throne and his family to seek spiritual truth and spent twelve years as an ascetic.
- He spent most of his time meditating and believing in non-violence for people and life. His courage and faultless actions in controlling the senses earned him the name Mahavira.
- He followed the path of non-violence towards all living beings. Some Jain people wear face masks to prevent the chance of unintentionally killing even an insect while breathing in.
- Mahavir Jayanti is a festival that is celebrated with zeal, prayers, and fasting. The holiday is popular in the eastern state of Bihar, where Mahavira was born.
- A large celebration is held at the Parasnath temple, Calcutta. The day is also celebrated in all the Jain temples in various states of India.
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