Rai Bahadur Sir Gangaram Biography: Some lesser unknown facts about this great Architect

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Sir Gangaram Biography – Rai Bahadur Sir Ganga Ram was an architect and Indian civil engineer. Because of his contributions to the urban fabric of Lahore, he was known as “the father of modern Lahore”.

sir gangaram biography

Early life

Ganga Ram Agrawal was born on 22 April 1851 in Mangtanwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan). His father, Doulat Ram Agrawal was a junior sub-inspector in Mangtanwala.

Ganga Ram completed his education from Government High School and joined the Government College, Lahore in 1869. In 1871, he got a scholarship in Thomason Civil Engineering College at Roorkee and passed the final exams with a gold medal in 1873.

Later, he was appointed as the assistant engineer and called to Delhi to help in Imperial Assemblage.

Sir Gangaram Biography – The Engineer

After servicing in Punjab P.W.D for a very short period in 1873, he started practical farming. He took a government 50,000 acres of barren, un-irrigated land on lease in Montgomery District, and within 3 years he converted that land into irrigated land.

He irrigated the land by a hydroelectric plant running through a thousand miles of irrigation channels, all constructed at his own cost. This was the biggest private enterprise in the country before. By this operation, Sir Ganga Ram earned millions and gave most of his earnings to charity.

Ganga Ram was elected by Lord Curzon to act as superintendent in the Imperial Durbar in 1900 to be held in connection with the accession of King Edward VII. He finished the work at the Darbar despite many problems and challenges. Ganga Ram retired from service in 1903.

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Sir Gangaram Biography – Achievements

In 1903, he received the title of Rai Bahadur and on 26 June 1903 he was appointed as a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) at the Delhi Durbar.

On 12 December 1911, he was appointed as a Member Fourth Class (present-day Lieutenant) of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO).

On 8 July 1922, he was personally invested with his honour at Buckingham Palace by the King-Emperor George V.

Ganga Ram designed and built many buildings including Lahore General Post Office, Aitchison College, National College of Arts, Lahore Museum, Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore, Lady Mclagan Girls High School, the Albert Victor wing of Mayo Hospital, Sir Ganga Ram High School (now Lahore College for Women), and Ravi Road House for the Disabled. He also constructed Model Town and Gulberg town Lahore.

After the partition of India and Pakistan, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi was also built in his memory in 1951.

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Sir Gangaram Biography – Death

Ganga Ram died in London on 10 July 1927. His body was cremated and his ashes were brought back to India. A small portion of his ashes were consigned to Ganges River and the rest were buried in Lahore on the bank of the Ravi River.


Ganga Ram samadhi was built in 1927.

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