Let’s find out the International Women’s Day 2021 theme, history and significance. Beyonce couldn’t be more precise about ‘who run the world?’ We all know it’s definitely ‘women’. The contribution of women in developing and shaping our society has been enormous. In all the centuries women have performed a predominant part, who doesn’t know women world leaders like Angela Merkel, Hillary Clinton, Mother Teresa and Michelle Obama to name a few of the lot. International Women’s Day is celebrated every year to address and promote the causes like women empowerment and gender equality. International Women’s Day 2021 theme is Women in leadership: Achieving an equal future in a COVID-19 world.
International Women’s Day – Why and how it started?
- International women’s day is celebrated on March 8 every year commemorating the Women’s Rights Movement.
- The movement started with the aim to cease gender bias and promoting social, political, economic and cultural parity.
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Evolution of International Women’s Day
- In 1909 on February 28, women in New York participated in processions to commemorate the strike held by the garment workers in New York in the previous year (1908), protesting unequal working conditions for women.
- In 1910, the International Socialist Woman’s Conference held in Copenhagen honoured the Women’s Rights Movement and established Women’s Day. However, no date was fixed for this day.
- In 1911, March 19 was recognized as International Women’s Day in countries like Denmark, Austria, Switzerland, and Germany, as a result of the Copenhagen initiative. It called for women’s right to work, to end discrimination at the workplace, and women’s right to vocational training with the voting rights to women and to hold public office.
- In 1913-1914, the declaration of International Women’s Day also became a driving force behind the protests against WW I. It was in Russia, that the women first observed and celebrated the first International Women’s Day.
- In 1975, March 8th was adopted by the United Nations and celebrated as International Women’s Day all around the world.
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The significance of International Women’s Day in the 21st century
- This day is synonymous with Civil Awareness Day, Anti-sexism Day, and Anti-discrimination Day.
- Women’s Day has been celebrated for more than a century now and a definite change has been observed in the attitude of people towards women.
- However, it remains true that all the battles have not been won yet. The feminists are trying their level best to establish equal opportunities for all. Celebrating women’s day is one such step to emphasize treating women as equals and as individuals with an identity of their own regardless of their respective male counterparts.
- The most prominent reason to celebrate women’s day is to try bridging the gender gap prevalent in the world from time immemorial.