Tulsidas Biography: Who was Goswami Tulsidas?

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Tulsidas Biography – Tulsidas (1532–1623) was a great Indian poet and philosopher. Tulsidas ji wrote ‘Ramcharitmanas’ which is considered one of the greatest epics of Hindus. Goswami Tulsidas was born in 1532 AD in the Rajapur district of Banda in Uttar Pradesh during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar.Tulsidas Biography

Tulsidas was a Saryuparin Brahmin by birth and is believed to be an incarnation of the sage Valmiki, who composed the Ramayana in Sanskrit. Tulsidas was the son of Atmaram Shukla Dubey and Hulsi and was known as Rambola in his childhood. Tulsidas was a true follower of Lord Rama and received his education from his Guru, Narahari-Dasa. Tulsidas was married to Ratnavali and had a son named Taraka. However, Taraka could not survive and died as a toddler.

Tulsidas Biography

Tulsidas loved his wife dearly. One day when he learned that his wife had gone to her father’s house, he immediately went to see her after swimming across the river. However, Ratnavali did not like it and told him that he should love Lord Rama as much as he loves her to attain salvation. Hence, this marked the beginning of Tulsidas’ spiritual quest.

Goswami Tulsidas left his home and went to Prayag to begin his ascetic stage. For the next few years, Tulsidas traveled all over India, including Prayag, Ayodhya, Varanasi, Mansarovar, Char Dham, etc. He met with various spiritual masters and sadhus and meditated with them. Tulsidas then stayed in Ayodhya, and this was the place where he had a vision of Lord Rama, who inspired him to compose the Ramayana in the Awadhi language, which was the common language spoken by the people at that time.

Tulsidas Biography

Tulsidas Ji started his literature works in Varanasi where he first composed various poems dedicated to Lord Rama. He later went on to compose ‘Ramcharitmanas’ in which he described the life of Lord Rama through beautiful poems known as ‘Chaupai’. Tulsidas Ji laid emphasis on the path to attain salvation by dedicating himself to God.

Some of the other great literary works composed by Tulsidas include Dohavali, Kavitavali, Geetavali, Krishnavali, Vinayapatrika, and Hanuman Chalisa, the most popular strotra dedicated to Lord Hanuman. His short works include Vairagya Sandipani, Barvai Ramayana, Janaki Mangal, Ramlala Nahchu, Parvati Mangal, and Sankat Mochan strotra.

The works of Goswami Tulsidas were praised by the Mughal rulers Akbar and Jahangir, in 1623, at the age of 91, Tulsidas died in Varanasi. Even today, Tulsidas‘s writings display his deep devotion and integration of philosophical ideologies, making him one of the greatest Hindi poets to have composed such a masterpiece.

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