UNSC news – Showing its displeasure over the removal of Article 370 and 35 A by the Modi Government, Pakistan sent a letter to the president of the UNSC placing a request with them to set up a meeting to discuss India’s move of revoking J&K’s special status. UN Security Council rejected a formal meeting demand of Pakistan. It also did not even adopt an informal statement.
Efforts of Pakistan to internationalize revocation of removal of Article 370 from Jammu & Kashmir have failed miserably. UNSC has said that the changes were “internal to India”. China could support Pak just to the extent of getting an ‘informal’ consultation which resulted in the expected outcome. It was a smart move by China because there was no hope for any positive outcome for Pakistan and it was just a face-saver that China organised. The obvious happened, Pakistan returned humiliated and China was unscathed.
Addressing a press conference at the UNSC, Syed Akbaruddin, India’s permanent representative to United Nations, said that Article 370 has “no external ramifications”. “India’s national position was and remains that matter related to Article 370 of the Indian Constitution is entirely an internal matter of India,”.
The Kashmir conflict is not too old for any of us really but the territorial conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir has been endless. This conflict started at the time of Partition of India, back in 1947. This conflict has also led to 3 major wars between India and Pakistan. And as a third party, China too has been involved in this conflict over Kashmir.
What is UNSC?
UNSC stands for the United Nations Security Council which is a principal organ of the 6 organs of the United Nations responsible to ensure international peace and security. It also has the power to accept new members to the UN as also to change its charter.
UNSC news – Member States of the UNSC
UNSC has a total of 15 members including 5 Permanent and 10 Non-Permanent members.
- Permanent Members of the UNSC are France, United States, Russian Federation, China, and the United Kingdom.
- Non-Permanent Members of the UNSC are Belgium, Germany, Indonesia, Poland, Côte d’Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Kuwait, Peru, South Africa, and Equatorial Guinea.
When was UNSC formed and where do the meetings take place?
The United Nations Security Council was founded on 24th October 1945. Their first session took place on 17th January 1946.
The meetings of the UNSC usually take place in a designated chamber in the United Nations Conference Building in NYC (New York City) but, they have also conducted meetings in Nairobi, Kenya, Panama, Geneva, and Ethiopia.
As a matter of fact, due to the public scrutiny of the Security Council Chamber, all work done by the Security Council is conducted behind closed doors in ‘informal consultations’.
Why was the UNSC formed?
The UNSC was formed to address the failures of the previous international organization, ‘The League of Nations’, in maintaining world peace.
What are the powers of the UNSC?
- The UNSC has the power to establish operations and international sanctions for peacekeeping as well as authorization of military actions through resolutions. It has the authority to issue resolutions to member states.
- The UN authorizes the UNSC to investigate any situation which threatens international peace. The UNSC recommends procedures for peaceful resolutions for any dispute.
- Under Chapter VI of the Charter, ‘Pacific Settlement of Disputes’, the UNSC has the right to investigate any dispute that may lead to international friction.
- Under Chapter VII of the charter, the council has the broader power to decide the measures to be taken in situations that involve any ‘threat to peace’, ‘breach of peace’ or ‘acts of aggression’. The council in these cases does not limit itself to recommendations but also takes action including the use of armed forces to maintain international peace and security.
- The UNSC also adopted the Security Council Resolution 1674, which gives them the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and other crimes against humanity.
- Kashmir occupied by India is 55% of the total Kashmiri Region, whereas Pakistan has 30% in its control and the rest of the 15% is with China. Jammu, Kashmir Valley, Siachen Glacier, and Ladakh are part of India. Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan are currently occupied by Pakistan. Mostly uninhabited areas Shaksgam Valley, and the Aksai Chin region are under the control of China.
As per Article 27 of the UN Charter:
- Every member of the Security Council shall have one vote.
- Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters can only be decided by an affirmative vote of nine members.
- Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters will be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.
The initial creation of the United Nations Charter conceived 5 countries who had key roles in the establishment of the UN to continue playing significant roles in maintaining international peace and security. These are China, France, United States, United Kingdom, and the Russian Federation. These 5 countries have also been given a special voting power, called the ‘Right to Veto’. If any 1 of these 5 member countries gives a negative vote on any resolution, it would not be passed by the UNSC.
In case any one of the permanent members do not agree to any proposed resolution and does not wish to cast a Veto also, the member can choose to abstain. In that case, the resolution will be adopted if it gets 9 favorable votes from the 15 member council.