What is Isolation and Self-Quarantine – The Coronavirus has been declared a Pandemic and now, it has called for Isolation and Self-Quarantine. So, let us have a look at what is Isolation and Self-Quarantine?
Both Isolation and Self-Quarantine are practiced to control the spread of communicable diseases.
What is Isolation?
Isolation is usually used to separate ill people with communicable diseases from healthy people. It helps in restricting movement of ill people to stop the spread of certain diseases.
Example: Hospitals use isolation practices for people with infectious tuberculosis or chicken pox, etc…
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What is Self-Quarantine?
Quarantine is usually used to separate healthy people from ill people. It is used as a preventive measure for healthy people to restrict them from being exposed to communicable diseases. It is also practiced by people who have been exposed to the disease and do not know or might have the disease but don’t show any symptoms.
In a scenario, where Coronavirus is concerned:
- Any person infected with the virus is kept in closed rooms to separate them from others. Thus, Isolation.
- Any person returning from Coronavirus infected countries are to practice Self-Quarantine, to kill the virus in case it has got onto them. In such a situation, one does not go out for at least 14 days, does not meet anyone and must confine themselves to a certain limited place.
What is Isolation? How to practice self-isolation?
In case one develops symptoms for coronavirus, they will need to self-isolate themselves. Do not go to a pharmacy or hospital as a you can assess instructions over the phone. If your healthcare provider thinks that you need to be tested for coronavirus, they will arrange for a test.
But in the meantime, you will need to self-isolate if you have coronavirus or have symptoms of coronavirus. This could be before you get tested for coronavirus, while you wait for test results or when a positive result is confirmed.
It is said that most people with coronavirus only have mild symptoms and will get well within weeks. Even though the symptoms are mild, you can still spread the virus to others and that is why you have to self-isolate, stay indoors and avoid contact with other people.
Precautions to contain Coronavirus:
- Stay at home, in a room with the window open.
- Clean hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds frequently.
- Keep away from others in your home as much as you can.
- Check your symptoms – call a doctor if they get worse.
- Phone your doctor if you need to – do not visit them.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes using a tissue – clean your hands properly afterwards.
- Use your own towel – do not share a towel with others.
- Clean your room every day with a household cleaner or disinfectant.
- Do not go to work, school, religious services or public areas.
- Do not share your things.
- Do not use public transport or taxis.
- Do not invite visitors to your home.
- Keep away from older people, anyone with long-term medical conditions and pregnant women.
- Cook your food well.
- Do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth.
- Always use a mask.
- Maintain safe distance from sick people. Keep at least one meter distance from people in any crowded areas.
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