What you must know about the Jallianwala Bagh massacre

Please follow and like us:
RSS
Follow by Email
Facebook
Twitter
YouTube
Pinterest
LinkedIn
Instagram

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on 13th April 1919 in Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab, when troops of the British Indian Army started firing into a crowd on the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer.

What really happened in Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919?

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

  • Thousands of people were gathered at Jallianwala Bagh on 13 April 1919 to celebrate Baisakhi. This day marks the beginning of New Year for the Sikhs and is also celebrated like a festival in Punjab.
  • On the morning of Baisakhi, Colonel Reginald Dyer implemented a curfew in Amritsar and banned all processions even prohibiting a group of 4 or more people to meet publicly.

Also read: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose biography and facts on his anniversary

  • At about 12:40 PM, Dyer received information about the meeting that was taking place at Jallianwala Bagh that may result in riots and protests.
  • By mid-day, the place was full by the traders, farmers, and the devotees of Harmandir Sahib who visited Amritsar to enjoy the festival.
  • Jallianwala Bagh was covered by 10 feet high walls from all sides and was equipped with narrow entrances, most of which were locked.

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

Must read: Best places to visit in Amritsar

  • General Dyer arrived there with armed troops blocking the main entrance that was also guarded by the armed troops. On Dyer’s orders, the army started ruthless firing on the uninformed crowd.
  • There were about 25,000 people present at the time of firing. Some tried to escape while some jumped in the well built in the premises of Jallianwala Bagh.
  • The troops were ordered to start shooting from the most densely crowded spot so that maximum number of people could be killed.
  • Firing continued for about 10 minutes and ended when the bullets were almost over.
  • The dead bodies could not even be moved out due to the curfew implemented. The main motive of Colonel Dyer was not just to disperse the meeting, but to punish the Indians for disobeying his orders.

Must read: Vijay Salaskar: One Of India’s Best Encounter Specialist

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

  • More than 1000 peoples died in the massacre and about 120 dead bodies were recovered from the well.
  • A Trust was founded in 1920 to build a memorial site at Jallianwala Bagh in order to remember the significance of this place in the history of India.
  • American architect, Benjamin Polk, built the memorial on site which was inaugurated by the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad on 13 April 1961.

Also read: Valentine Day story – History of Valentine’s Day and the real story behind Valentine’s Day

  • The monument exhibits the bullet marks on its walls and depicts the pain and suffering of the people that were present that day.
  • Jallianwala Bagh massacre caused the first spark of the Indian freedom movement, which ultimately led to the fall of the British Empire.

For more articles like ‘Jallianwala Bagh massacre’, do follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

The content and images used on this site are copyright protected and copyrights vests with their respective owners. We make every effort to link back to original content whenever possible. If you own rights to any of the images, and do not wish them to appear here, please contact us and they will be promptly removed. Usage of content and images on this website is intended to promote our works and no endorsement of the artist shall be implied. Read more detailed ​​disclaimer
Copyright © 2019 Tentaran.com. All rights reserved.
× How can I help you?